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Tue, 21 Feb 2012 19:10:23 +0000
Module name: trans-coord
Changes by: Yavor Doganov <yavor> 12/02/21 19:10:23
Automatic sync from the master www repository.
RCS file: /sources/trans-coord/trans-coord/gnun/philosophy/free-sw.html,v
retrieving revision 1.35
retrieving revision 1.36
diff -u -b -r1.35 -r1.36
--- free-sw.html 25 Jan 2012 19:10:16 -0000 1.35
+++ free-sw.html 21 Feb 2012 19:10:22 -0000 1.36
@@ -14,24 +14,41 @@
<h3>The Free Software Definition</h3>
-We maintain this free software definition to show clearly what must be
-true about a particular software program for it to be considered free
-software. From time to time we revise this definition to clarify it.
-If you would like to review the changes we've made, please see
-the <a href="#History">History section</a> below for more information.
+The free software definition presents the criteria for whether a
+particular software program qualifies as free software. From time to
+time we revise this definition, to clarify it or to resolve questions
+about subtle issues. See the <a href="#History">History section</a>
+below for a list of changes that affect the definition of free
-“Free software” is a matter of liberty, not price. To understand
-the concept, you should think of “free” as in “free
-not as in “free beer”.
+“Free software” means software that respects users'
+freedom and community. Roughly, the users have the freedom to run,
+copy, distribute, study, change and improve the software. With these
+freedoms, the users (both individually and collectively) control the
+program and what it does for them.
-Free software is a matter of the users' freedom to run, copy, distribute,
-study, change and improve the software. More precisely, it means that the
-program's users have the four essential freedoms:
+When users don't control the program, the program controls the users.
+The developer controls the program, and through it controls the users.
+This nonfree or “proprietary” program is therefore an
+instrument of unjust power.
+Thus, “free software” is a matter of liberty, not price.
+To understand the concept, you should think of “free” as
+in “free speech,” not as in “free beer”.
+A program is free software if the program's users have the
+four essential freedoms:
@@ -129,9 +146,9 @@
In order for these freedoms to be real, they must be permanent and
irrevocable as long as you do nothing wrong; if the developer of the
-software has the power to revoke the license, or retroactively change
-its terms, without your doing anything wrong to give cause, the
-software is not free.
+software has the power to revoke the license, or retroactively add
+restrictions to its terms, without your doing anything wrong to give
+cause, the software is not free.
@@ -173,6 +190,15 @@
+A special issue arises when a license requires changing the name by
+which the program will be invoked from other programs. That
+effectively hampers you from releasing your changed version so that it
+can replace the original when invoked by those other programs. This
+sort of requirement is acceptable only if there's a suitable aliasing
+facility that allows you to specify the original program's name as an
+alias for the modified version.</p>
Rules that “if you make your version available in this way, you
must make it available in that way also” can be acceptable too,
on the same condition. An example of such an acceptable rule is one
@@ -308,13 +334,18 @@
-<p>From time to time we revise this Free Software Definition to
-clarify it. Here we provide a list of those modifications, along with
-links to illustrate exactly what changed, so that others can review
-them if they like.</p>
+<p>From time to time we revise this Free Software Definition. Here is
+the list of changes, along with links to show exactly what was
+1.111</a>: Clarify 1.77 by saying that only
+retroactive <em>restrictions</em> are unacceptable. The copyright
+holders can always grant additional <em>permission</em> for use of the
+work by releasing the work in another way in parallel.</li>
1.105</a>: Reflect, in the brief statement of freedom 1, the point
(already stated in version 1.80) that it includes really using your modified
@@ -392,11 +423,11 @@
-<p>There are gaps in the version numbers because there are many other
-changes that do not affect the substance of the definition at all.
-Instead, they fix links, add translations, and so on. If you would
-like to review the complete list of changes, you can do so on
+<p>There are gaps in the version numbers shown above because there are
+other changes in this page that do not affect the definition as such.
+These changes are in other parts of the page. You can review the
+complete list of changes to the page through
@@ -434,7 +465,7 @@
<!-- timestamp start -->
-$Date: 2012/01/25 19:10:16 $
+$Date: 2012/02/21 19:10:22 $
<!-- timestamp end -->
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