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[gawk-diffs] [SCM] gawk branch, select, updated. gawk-4.1.0-1224-ga31a42

From: Arnold Robbins
Subject: [gawk-diffs] [SCM] gawk branch, select, updated. gawk-4.1.0-1224-ga31a424
Date: Fri, 20 Mar 2015 15:23:15 +0000

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- Log -----------------------------------------------------------------

commit a31a42403b841ef05ca9143a431c8b6f1021a958
Merge: 2473b93 480aca3
Author: Arnold D. Robbins <address@hidden>
Date:   Fri Mar 20 17:19:15 2015 +0200

    Merge branch 'master' into select

diff --cc awk.h
index 0bf1d98,7a44c1d..101e586
--- a/awk.h
+++ b/awk.h
@@@ -1482,8 -1482,7 +1482,8 @@@ extern void register_two_way_processor(
  extern void set_FNR(void);
  extern void set_NR(void);
- extern struct redirect *redirect(NODE *redir_exp, int redirtype, int *errflg);
- extern struct redirect *redirect_string(const char *redir_exp_str, size_t 
redir_exp_len, int not_string_flag, int redirtype, int *errflg, int extfd);
+ extern struct redirect *redirect(NODE *redir_exp, int redirtype, int *errflg, 
bool failure_fatal);
++extern struct redirect *redirect_string(const char *redir_exp_str, size_t 
redir_exp_len, bool not_string_flag, int redirtype, int *errflg, int extfd, 
bool failure_fatal);
  extern NODE *do_close(int nargs);
  extern int flush_io(void);
  extern int close_io(bool *stdio_problem);
diff --cc doc/ChangeLog
index 9b7d31d,92e95a0..56b2d7f
--- a/doc/ChangeLog
+++ b/doc/ChangeLog
@@@ -40,27 -131,13 +131,32 @@@
  2015-01-19         Arnold D. Robbins     <address@hidden>
        * gawkinet.texi: Fix capitalization in document title.
-       * Here we again: Starting on more O'Reilly fixes.
+       * Here we go again: Starting on more O'Reilly fixes.
+ 2014-12-27         Arnold D. Robbins     <address@hidden>
+       * Add info that nonfatal I/O works with stdout and
+       stderr.  Revise version info and what was added when.
 +2015-01-05         Andrew J. Schorr     <address@hidden>
 +      * Improve get_file documentation.
 +2015-01-05         Andrew J. Schorr     <address@hidden>
 +      * Replace "Retrying I/O" with "Retrying Input", since this
 +      feature pertains to input, not output.
 +2015-01-04         Andrew J. Schorr     <address@hidden>
 +      * Document the get_file API function.
 +2015-01-04         Andrew J. Schorr     <address@hidden>
 +      * gawk.1: Document new features PROCINFO["errno"] and
 +      PROCINFO["input", "RETRY"], and new getline return value of -2.
 +      * Ditto.
  2014-12-26         Antonio Giovanni Colombo   <address@hidden>
        * (Glossary): Really sort the items.
diff --cc doc/
index 15f5d97,3e12596..95788ec
--- a/doc/
+++ b/doc/
@@@ -23005,12 -23030,9 +23079,12 @@@ operations
          - Clearing an array
-         - Flattening an array for easy C style looping over all its
+         - Flattening an array for easy C-style looping over all its
            indices and elements
 +   * Accessing and manipulating redirections.
     Some points about using the API:
     * The following types, macros, and/or functions are referenced in
@@@ -32771,9 -32777,9 +32894,9 @@@ Inde
  * differences in awk and gawk, strings:  Scalar Constants.    (line  20)
  * differences in awk and gawk, strings, storing: gawk split records.
                                                                (line  77)
 -* differences in awk and gawk, SYMTAB variable: Auto-set.     (line 283)
 +* differences in awk and gawk, SYMTAB variable: Auto-set.     (line 296)
  * differences in awk and gawk, TEXTDOMAIN variable: User-modified.
-                                                               (line 152)
+                                                               (line 151)
  * differences in awk and gawk, trunc-mod operation: Arithmetic Ops.
                                                                (line  66)
  * directories, command-line:             Command-line directories.
@@@ -33261,8 -33267,8 +33384,8 @@@
  * gawk, source code, obtaining:          Getting.             (line   6)
  * gawk, splitting fields and:            Constant Size.       (line  87)
  * gawk, string-translation functions:    I18N Functions.      (line   6)
 -* gawk, SYMTAB array in:                 Auto-set.            (line 283)
 +* gawk, SYMTAB array in:                 Auto-set.            (line 296)
- * gawk, TEXTDOMAIN variable in:          User-modified.       (line 152)
+ * gawk, TEXTDOMAIN variable in:          User-modified.       (line 151)
  * gawk, timestamps:                      Time Functions.      (line   6)
  * gawk, uses for:                        Preface.             (line  34)
  * gawk, versions of, information about, printing: Options.    (line 300)
@@@ -34177,10 -34182,10 +34300,10 @@@
  * right shift:                           Bitwise Functions.   (line  53)
  * right shift, bitwise:                  Bitwise Functions.   (line  32)
  * Ritchie, Dennis:                       Basic Data Typing.   (line  54)
 -* RLENGTH variable:                      Auto-set.            (line 266)
 +* RLENGTH variable:                      Auto-set.            (line 279)
  * RLENGTH variable, match() function and: String Functions.   (line 228)
  * Robbins, Arnold <1>:                   Future Extensions.   (line   6)
- * Robbins, Arnold <2>:                   Bugs.                (line  70)
+ * Robbins, Arnold <2>:                   Bugs.                (line  71)
  * Robbins, Arnold <3>:                   Contributors.        (line 144)
  * Robbins, Arnold <4>:                   General Data Types.  (line   6)
  * Robbins, Arnold <5>:                   Alarm Program.       (line   6)
@@@ -34742,562 -34747,561 +34865,563 @@@
  Tag Table:
  Node: Top1204
- Node: Foreword342385
- Node: Foreword446829
- Node: Preface48360
- Ref: Preface-Footnote-151231
- Ref: Preface-Footnote-251338
- Ref: Preface-Footnote-351571
- Node: History51713
- Node: Names54064
- Ref: Names-Footnote-155157
- Node: This Manual55303
- Ref: This Manual-Footnote-161803
- Node: Conventions61903
- Node: Manual History64240
- Ref: Manual History-Footnote-167233
- Ref: Manual History-Footnote-267274
- Node: How To Contribute67348
- Node: Acknowledgments68477
- Node: Getting Started73294
- Node: Running gawk75733
- Node: One-shot76923
- Node: Read Terminal78187
- Node: Long80218
- Node: Executable Scripts81731
- Ref: Executable Scripts-Footnote-184520
- Node: Comments84623
- Node: Quoting87105
- Node: DOS Quoting92623
- Node: Sample Data Files93298
- Node: Very Simple95893
- Node: Two Rules100792
- Node: More Complex102678
- Node: Statements/Lines105540
- Ref: Statements/Lines-Footnote-1109995
- Node: Other Features110260
- Node: When111196
- Ref: When-Footnote-1112950
- Node: Intro Summary113015
- Node: Invoking Gawk113899
- Node: Command Line115413
- Node: Options116211
- Ref: Options-Footnote-1132006
- Ref: Options-Footnote-2132235
- Node: Other Arguments132260
- Node: Naming Standard Input135208
- Node: Environment Variables136301
- Node: AWKPATH Variable136859
- Ref: AWKPATH Variable-Footnote-1140266
- Ref: AWKPATH Variable-Footnote-2140311
- Node: AWKLIBPATH Variable140571
- Node: Other Environment Variables141827
- Node: Exit Status145345
- Node: Include Files146021
- Node: Loading Shared Libraries149610
- Node: Obsolete151037
- Node: Undocumented151729
- Node: Invoking Summary151996
- Node: Regexp153659
- Node: Regexp Usage155113
- Node: Escape Sequences157150
- Node: Regexp Operators163390
- Ref: Regexp Operators-Footnote-1170800
- Ref: Regexp Operators-Footnote-2170947
- Node: Bracket Expressions171045
- Ref: table-char-classes173060
- Node: Leftmost Longest176002
- Node: Computed Regexps177304
- Node: GNU Regexp Operators180733
- Node: Case-sensitivity184405
- Ref: Case-sensitivity-Footnote-1187290
- Ref: Case-sensitivity-Footnote-2187525
- Node: Regexp Summary187633
- Node: Reading Files189100
- Node: Records191262
- Node: awk split records191995
- Node: gawk split records196924
- Ref: gawk split records-Footnote-1201463
- Node: Fields201500
- Ref: Fields-Footnote-1204278
- Node: Nonconstant Fields204364
- Ref: Nonconstant Fields-Footnote-1206602
- Node: Changing Fields206805
- Node: Field Separators212736
- Node: Default Field Splitting215440
- Node: Regexp Field Splitting216557
- Node: Single Character Fields219907
- Node: Command Line Field Separator220966
- Node: Full Line Fields224183
- Ref: Full Line Fields-Footnote-1225704
- Ref: Full Line Fields-Footnote-2225750
- Node: Field Splitting Summary225851
- Node: Constant Size227925
- Node: Splitting By Content232508
- Ref: Splitting By Content-Footnote-1236473
- Node: Multiple Line236636
- Ref: Multiple Line-Footnote-1242517
- Node: Getline242696
- Node: Plain Getline245175
- Node: Getline/Variable247815
- Node: Getline/File248964
- Node: Getline/Variable/File250349
- Ref: Getline/Variable/File-Footnote-1251952
- Node: Getline/Pipe252039
- Node: Getline/Variable/Pipe254717
- Node: Getline/Coprocess255848
- Node: Getline/Variable/Coprocess257112
- Node: Getline Notes257851
- Node: Getline Summary260645
- Ref: table-getline-variants261057
- Node: Read Timeout261886
- Ref: Read Timeout-Footnote-1265789
- Node: Retrying Input265847
- Node: Command-line directories267042
- Node: Input Summary267949
- Node: Input Exercises271334
- Node: Printing272062
- Node: Print273839
- Node: Print Examples275296
- Node: Output Separators278075
- Node: OFMT280093
- Node: Printf281448
- Node: Basic Printf282233
- Node: Control Letters283805
- Node: Format Modifiers287790
- Node: Printf Examples293800
- Node: Redirection296286
- Node: Special FD303124
- Ref: Special FD-Footnote-1306290
- Node: Special Files306364
- Node: Other Inherited Files306981
- Node: Special Network307981
- Node: Special Caveats308843
- Node: Close Files And Pipes309792
- Ref: Close Files And Pipes-Footnote-1316983
- Ref: Close Files And Pipes-Footnote-2317131
- Node: Output Summary317281
- Node: Output Exercises318279
- Node: Expressions318959
- Node: Values320148
- Node: Constants320825
- Node: Scalar Constants321516
- Ref: Scalar Constants-Footnote-1322378
- Node: Nondecimal-numbers322628
- Node: Regexp Constants325638
- Node: Using Constant Regexps326164
- Node: Variables329327
- Node: Using Variables329984
- Node: Assignment Options331895
- Node: Conversion333770
- Node: Strings And Numbers334294
- Ref: Strings And Numbers-Footnote-1337359
- Node: Locale influences conversions337468
- Ref: table-locale-affects340214
- Node: All Operators340806
- Node: Arithmetic Ops341435
- Node: Concatenation343940
- Ref: Concatenation-Footnote-1346759
- Node: Assignment Ops346866
- Ref: table-assign-ops351845
- Node: Increment Ops353155
- Node: Truth Values and Conditions356586
- Node: Truth Values357669
- Node: Typing and Comparison358718
- Node: Variable Typing359534
- Node: Comparison Operators363201
- Ref: table-relational-ops363611
- Node: POSIX String Comparison367106
- Ref: POSIX String Comparison-Footnote-1368178
- Node: Boolean Ops368317
- Ref: Boolean Ops-Footnote-1372795
- Node: Conditional Exp372886
- Node: Function Calls374624
- Node: Precedence378504
- Node: Locales382164
- Node: Expressions Summary383796
- Node: Patterns and Actions386367
- Node: Pattern Overview387487
- Node: Regexp Patterns389166
- Node: Expression Patterns389709
- Node: Ranges393418
- Node: BEGIN/END396525
- Node: Using BEGIN/END397286
- Ref: Using BEGIN/END-Footnote-1400022
- Node: I/O And BEGIN/END400128
- Node: Empty405340
- Node: Using Shell Variables405657
- Node: Action Overview407930
- Node: Statements410256
- Node: If Statement412104
- Node: While Statement413599
- Node: Do Statement415627
- Node: For Statement416775
- Node: Switch Statement419933
- Node: Break Statement422315
- Node: Continue Statement424356
- Node: Next Statement426183
- Node: Nextfile Statement428564
- Node: Exit Statement431192
- Node: Built-in Variables433603
- Node: User-modified434736
- Ref: User-modified-Footnote-1442439
- Node: Auto-set442501
- Ref: Auto-set-Footnote-1456734
- Ref: Auto-set-Footnote-2456939
- Node: ARGC and ARGV456995
- Node: Pattern Action Summary461213
- Node: Arrays463646
- Node: Array Basics464975
- Node: Array Intro465819
- Ref: figure-array-elements467753
- Ref: Array Intro-Footnote-1470373
- Node: Reference to Elements470501
- Node: Assigning Elements472963
- Node: Array Example473454
- Node: Scanning an Array475213
- Node: Controlling Scanning478233
- Ref: Controlling Scanning-Footnote-1483627
- Node: Numeric Array Subscripts483943
- Node: Uninitialized Subscripts486128
- Node: Delete487745
- Ref: Delete-Footnote-1490494
- Node: Multidimensional490551
- Node: Multiscanning493648
- Node: Arrays of Arrays495237
- Node: Arrays Summary499991
- Node: Functions502082
- Node: Built-in503121
- Node: Calling Built-in504199
- Node: Numeric Functions506194
- Ref: Numeric Functions-Footnote-1511012
- Ref: Numeric Functions-Footnote-2511369
- Ref: Numeric Functions-Footnote-3511417
- Node: String Functions511689
- Ref: String Functions-Footnote-1535190
- Ref: String Functions-Footnote-2535319
- Ref: String Functions-Footnote-3535567
- Node: Gory Details535654
- Ref: table-sub-escapes537435
- Ref: table-sub-proposed538950
- Ref: table-posix-sub540312
- Ref: table-gensub-escapes541849
- Ref: Gory Details-Footnote-1542682
- Node: I/O Functions542833
- Ref: I/O Functions-Footnote-1550069
- Node: Time Functions550216
- Ref: Time Functions-Footnote-1560725
- Ref: Time Functions-Footnote-2560793
- Ref: Time Functions-Footnote-3560951
- Ref: Time Functions-Footnote-4561062
- Ref: Time Functions-Footnote-5561174
- Ref: Time Functions-Footnote-6561401
- Node: Bitwise Functions561667
- Ref: table-bitwise-ops562229
- Ref: Bitwise Functions-Footnote-1566541
- Node: Type Functions566713
- Node: I18N Functions567864
- Node: User-defined569509
- Node: Definition Syntax570314
- Ref: Definition Syntax-Footnote-1575946
- Node: Function Example576017
- Ref: Function Example-Footnote-1578936
- Node: Function Caveats578958
- Node: Calling A Function579476
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- Node: Cut Program682099
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- Node: Uniq Program709436
- Node: Wc Program716855
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- Node: Labels Program734082
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- Node: Advanced Features778498
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- Node: Finding The Bug846937
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- Node: Extension Intro920626
- Node: Plugin License921892
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- Node: Memory Allocation Functions940031
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- Node: Constructor Functions942966
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- Node: Extension Version String948930
- Node: Input Parsers949595
- Node: Output Wrappers959474
- Node: Two-way processors963989
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- Ref: Printing Messages-Footnote-1967269
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- Node: Symbol Table Access971077
- Node: Symbol table by name971591
- Node: Symbol table by cookie973572
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- Node: Cached values977779
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- Node: Array Manipulation981369
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- Node: Array Data Types982496
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- Node: Internal File Description1012271
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- Node: Extension Sample Revout1046872
- Node: Extension Sample Rev2way1047462
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- Node: V7/SVR3.11061802
- Node: SVR41063983
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- Node: Gawk Distribution1100554
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- Node: Extracting1101861
- Node: Distribution contents1103496
- Node: Unix Installation1109561
- Node: Quick Installation1110244
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- Node: Additional Configuration Options1113734
- Node: Configuration Philosophy1115473
- Node: Non-Unix Installation1117842
- Node: PC Installation1118300
- Node: PC Binary Installation1119619
- Node: PC Compiling1121467
- Ref: PC Compiling-Footnote-11124488
- Node: PC Testing1124597
- Node: PC Using1125773
- Node: Cygwin1129888
- Node: MSYS1130711
- Node: VMS Installation1131211
- Node: VMS Compilation1132003
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- Node: VMS Installation Details1134967
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- Node: Accessing The Source1155194
- Node: Adding Code1156629
- Node: New Ports1162786
- Node: Derived Files1167268
- Ref: Derived Files-Footnote-11172743
- Ref: Derived Files-Footnote-21172777
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- Node: Future Extensions1173487
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- Ref: figure-process-flow1189062
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- Node: Basic Data Typing1192476
- Node: Glossary1195804
- Node: Copying1227733
- Node: GNU Free Documentation License1265289
- Node: Index1290425
 -Node: Foreword342291
 -Node: Foreword446735
 -Node: Preface48266
 -Ref: Preface-Footnote-151137
 -Ref: Preface-Footnote-251244
 -Ref: Preface-Footnote-351477
 -Node: History51619
 -Node: Names53970
 -Ref: Names-Footnote-155064
 -Node: This Manual55210
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 -Node: Conventions61810
 -Node: Manual History64147
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 -Node: How To Contribute67255
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 -Node: Getting Started73250
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 -Node: One-shot76879
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 -Node: Records191251
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 -Node: Fields201489
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 -Node: Getline242681
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 -Node: Read Timeout261599
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 -Node: Conditional Exp373932
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 -Node: Tee Program707340
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 -Node: Awk Debugging844899
 -Node: Sample Debugging Session845805
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 -Ref: FP Math Caution-Footnote-1893110
 -Node: Inexactness of computations893479
 -Node: Inexact representation894438
 -Node: Comparing FP Values895796
 -Node: Errors accumulate896878
 -Node: Getting Accuracy898310
 -Node: Try To Round901014
 -Node: Setting precision901913
 -Ref: table-predefined-precision-strings902597
 -Node: Setting the rounding mode904426
 -Ref: table-gawk-rounding-modes904790
 -Ref: Setting the rounding mode-Footnote-1908242
 -Node: Arbitrary Precision Integers908421
 -Ref: Arbitrary Precision Integers-Footnote-1913319
 -Node: POSIX Floating Point Problems913468
 -Ref: POSIX Floating Point Problems-Footnote-1917347
 -Node: Floating point summary917385
 -Node: Dynamic Extensions919572
 -Node: Extension Intro921124
 -Node: Plugin License922389
 -Node: Extension Mechanism Outline923186
 -Ref: figure-load-extension923614
 -Ref: figure-register-new-function925094
 -Ref: figure-call-new-function926098
 -Node: Extension API Description928085
 -Node: Extension API Functions Introduction929535
 -Node: General Data Types934356
 -Ref: General Data Types-Footnote-1940256
 -Node: Memory Allocation Functions940555
 -Ref: Memory Allocation Functions-Footnote-1943394
 -Node: Constructor Functions943493
 -Node: Registration Functions945232
 -Node: Extension Functions945917
 -Node: Exit Callback Functions948214
 -Node: Extension Version String949462
 -Node: Input Parsers950125
 -Node: Output Wrappers960000
 -Node: Two-way processors964513
 -Node: Printing Messages966776
 -Ref: Printing Messages-Footnote-1967852
 -Node: Updating `ERRNO'968004
 -Node: Requesting Values968744
 -Ref: table-value-types-returned969471
 -Node: Accessing Parameters970428
 -Node: Symbol Table Access971662
 -Node: Symbol table by name972176
 -Node: Symbol table by cookie974196
 -Ref: Symbol table by cookie-Footnote-1978341
 -Node: Cached values978404
 -Ref: Cached values-Footnote-1981900
 -Node: Array Manipulation981991
 -Ref: Array Manipulation-Footnote-1983089
 -Node: Array Data Types983126
 -Ref: Array Data Types-Footnote-1985781
 -Node: Array Functions985873
 -Node: Flattening Arrays989732
 -Node: Creating Arrays996634
 -Node: Extension API Variables1001405
 -Node: Extension Versioning1002041
 -Node: Extension API Informational Variables1003932
 -Node: Extension API Boilerplate1004997
 -Node: Finding Extensions1008806
 -Node: Extension Example1009366
 -Node: Internal File Description1010138
 -Node: Internal File Ops1014205
 -Ref: Internal File Ops-Footnote-11025956
 -Node: Using Internal File Ops1026096
 -Ref: Using Internal File Ops-Footnote-11028479
 -Node: Extension Samples1028752
 -Node: Extension Sample File Functions1030280
 -Node: Extension Sample Fnmatch1037961
 -Node: Extension Sample Fork1039449
 -Node: Extension Sample Inplace1040664
 -Node: Extension Sample Ord1042750
 -Node: Extension Sample Readdir1043586
 -Ref: table-readdir-file-types1044463
 -Node: Extension Sample Revout1045274
 -Node: Extension Sample Rev2way1045863
 -Node: Extension Sample Read write array1046603
 -Node: Extension Sample Readfile1048543
 -Node: Extension Sample Time1049638
 -Node: Extension Sample API Tests1050986
 -Node: gawkextlib1051477
 -Node: Extension summary1054155
 -Node: Extension Exercises1057844
 -Node: Language History1058566
 -Node: V7/SVR3.11060222
 -Node: SVR41062375
 -Node: POSIX1063809
 -Node: BTL1065190
 -Node: POSIX/GNU1065921
 -Node: Feature History1071757
 -Node: Common Extensions1085551
 -Node: Ranges and Locales1086923
 -Ref: Ranges and Locales-Footnote-11091542
 -Ref: Ranges and Locales-Footnote-21091569
 -Ref: Ranges and Locales-Footnote-31091804
 -Node: Contributors1092025
 -Node: History summary1097565
 -Node: Installation1098944
 -Node: Gawk Distribution1099890
 -Node: Getting1100374
 -Node: Extracting1101197
 -Node: Distribution contents1102834
 -Node: Unix Installation1108936
 -Node: Quick Installation1109619
 -Node: Shell Startup Files1112030
 -Node: Additional Configuration Options1113109
 -Node: Configuration Philosophy1114913
 -Node: Non-Unix Installation1117282
 -Node: PC Installation1117740
 -Node: PC Binary Installation1119060
 -Node: PC Compiling1120908
 -Ref: PC Compiling-Footnote-11123929
 -Node: PC Testing1124038
 -Node: PC Using1125214
 -Node: Cygwin1129329
 -Node: MSYS1130099
 -Node: VMS Installation1130600
 -Node: VMS Compilation1131392
 -Ref: VMS Compilation-Footnote-11132621
 -Node: VMS Dynamic Extensions1132679
 -Node: VMS Installation Details1134363
 -Node: VMS Running1136614
 -Node: VMS GNV1139454
 -Node: VMS Old Gawk1140189
 -Node: Bugs1140659
 -Node: Other Versions1144548
 -Node: Installation summary1150982
 -Node: Notes1152041
 -Node: Compatibility Mode1152906
 -Node: Additions1153688
 -Node: Accessing The Source1154613
 -Node: Adding Code1156048
 -Node: New Ports1162205
 -Node: Derived Files1166687
 -Ref: Derived Files-Footnote-11172162
 -Ref: Derived Files-Footnote-21172196
 -Ref: Derived Files-Footnote-31172792
 -Node: Future Extensions1172906
 -Node: Implementation Limitations1173512
 -Node: Extension Design1174760
 -Node: Old Extension Problems1175914
 -Ref: Old Extension Problems-Footnote-11177431
 -Node: Extension New Mechanism Goals1177488
 -Ref: Extension New Mechanism Goals-Footnote-11180848
 -Node: Extension Other Design Decisions1181037
 -Node: Extension Future Growth1183145
 -Node: Old Extension Mechanism1183981
 -Node: Notes summary1185743
 -Node: Basic Concepts1186929
 -Node: Basic High Level1187610
 -Ref: figure-general-flow1187882
 -Ref: figure-process-flow1188481
 -Ref: Basic High Level-Footnote-11191710
 -Node: Basic Data Typing1191895
 -Node: Glossary1195223
 -Node: Copying1227152
 -Node: GNU Free Documentation License1264708
 -Node: Index1289844
++Node: Foreword342451
++Node: Foreword446895
++Node: Preface48426
++Ref: Preface-Footnote-151297
++Ref: Preface-Footnote-251404
++Ref: Preface-Footnote-351637
++Node: History51779
++Node: Names54130
++Ref: Names-Footnote-155224
++Node: This Manual55370
++Ref: This Manual-Footnote-161870
++Node: Conventions61970
++Node: Manual History64307
++Ref: Manual History-Footnote-167300
++Ref: Manual History-Footnote-267341
++Node: How To Contribute67415
++Node: Acknowledgments68544
++Node: Getting Started73410
++Node: Running gawk75849
++Node: One-shot77039
++Node: Read Terminal78303
++Node: Long80334
++Node: Executable Scripts81847
++Ref: Executable Scripts-Footnote-184636
++Node: Comments84739
++Node: Quoting87221
++Node: DOS Quoting92739
++Node: Sample Data Files93414
++Node: Very Simple96009
++Node: Two Rules100908
++Node: More Complex102794
++Node: Statements/Lines105656
++Ref: Statements/Lines-Footnote-1110111
++Node: Other Features110376
++Node: When111312
++Ref: When-Footnote-1113066
++Node: Intro Summary113131
++Node: Invoking Gawk114015
++Node: Command Line115529
++Node: Options116327
++Ref: Options-Footnote-1132122
++Ref: Options-Footnote-2132351
++Node: Other Arguments132376
++Node: Naming Standard Input135324
++Node: Environment Variables136417
++Node: AWKPATH Variable136975
++Ref: AWKPATH Variable-Footnote-1140382
++Ref: AWKPATH Variable-Footnote-2140427
++Node: AWKLIBPATH Variable140687
++Node: Other Environment Variables141943
++Node: Exit Status145574
++Node: Include Files146250
++Node: Loading Shared Libraries149839
++Node: Obsolete151266
++Node: Undocumented151958
++Node: Invoking Summary152225
++Node: Regexp153888
++Node: Regexp Usage155342
++Node: Escape Sequences157379
++Node: Regexp Operators163608
++Ref: Regexp Operators-Footnote-1171018
++Ref: Regexp Operators-Footnote-2171165
++Node: Bracket Expressions171263
++Ref: table-char-classes173278
++Node: Leftmost Longest176220
++Node: Computed Regexps177522
++Node: GNU Regexp Operators180951
++Node: Case-sensitivity184623
++Ref: Case-sensitivity-Footnote-1187508
++Ref: Case-sensitivity-Footnote-2187743
++Node: Regexp Summary187851
++Node: Reading Files189318
++Node: Records191480
++Node: awk split records192213
++Node: gawk split records197142
++Ref: gawk split records-Footnote-1201681
++Node: Fields201718
++Ref: Fields-Footnote-1204496
++Node: Nonconstant Fields204582
++Ref: Nonconstant Fields-Footnote-1206820
++Node: Changing Fields207023
++Node: Field Separators212954
++Node: Default Field Splitting215658
++Node: Regexp Field Splitting216775
++Node: Single Character Fields220125
++Node: Command Line Field Separator221184
++Node: Full Line Fields224401
++Ref: Full Line Fields-Footnote-1225922
++Ref: Full Line Fields-Footnote-2225968
++Node: Field Splitting Summary226069
++Node: Constant Size228143
++Node: Splitting By Content232722
++Ref: Splitting By Content-Footnote-1236687
++Node: Multiple Line236850
++Ref: Multiple Line-Footnote-1242731
++Node: Getline242910
++Node: Plain Getline245389
++Node: Getline/Variable248029
++Node: Getline/File249178
++Node: Getline/Variable/File250563
++Ref: Getline/Variable/File-Footnote-1252166
++Node: Getline/Pipe252253
++Node: Getline/Variable/Pipe254931
++Node: Getline/Coprocess256062
++Node: Getline/Variable/Coprocess257326
++Node: Getline Notes258065
++Node: Getline Summary260859
++Ref: table-getline-variants261271
++Node: Read Timeout262100
++Ref: Read Timeout-Footnote-1266003
++Node: Retrying Input266061
++Node: Command-line directories267256
++Node: Input Summary268163
++Node: Input Exercises271548
++Node: Printing272276
++Node: Print274111
++Node: Print Examples275568
++Node: Output Separators278347
++Node: OFMT280365
++Node: Printf281720
++Node: Basic Printf282505
++Node: Control Letters284077
++Node: Format Modifiers288062
++Node: Printf Examples294068
++Node: Redirection296554
++Node: Special FD303392
++Ref: Special FD-Footnote-1306558
++Node: Special Files306632
++Node: Other Inherited Files307249
++Node: Special Network308249
++Node: Special Caveats309111
++Node: Close Files And Pipes310060
++Ref: Close Files And Pipes-Footnote-1317245
++Ref: Close Files And Pipes-Footnote-2317393
++Node: Nonfatal317543
++Node: Output Summary319868
++Node: Output Exercises321089
++Node: Expressions321769
++Node: Values322958
++Node: Constants323635
++Node: Scalar Constants324326
++Ref: Scalar Constants-Footnote-1325188
++Node: Nondecimal-numbers325438
++Node: Regexp Constants328448
++Node: Using Constant Regexps328974
++Node: Variables332137
++Node: Using Variables332794
++Node: Assignment Options334705
++Node: Conversion336580
++Node: Strings And Numbers337104
++Ref: Strings And Numbers-Footnote-1340169
++Node: Locale influences conversions340278
++Ref: table-locale-affects343024
++Node: All Operators343616
++Node: Arithmetic Ops344245
++Node: Concatenation346750
++Ref: Concatenation-Footnote-1349569
++Node: Assignment Ops349676
++Ref: table-assign-ops354655
++Node: Increment Ops355965
++Node: Truth Values and Conditions359396
++Node: Truth Values360479
++Node: Typing and Comparison361528
++Node: Variable Typing362344
++Node: Comparison Operators366011
++Ref: table-relational-ops366421
++Node: POSIX String Comparison369916
++Ref: POSIX String Comparison-Footnote-1370988
++Node: Boolean Ops371127
++Ref: Boolean Ops-Footnote-1375605
++Node: Conditional Exp375696
++Node: Function Calls377434
++Node: Precedence381314
++Node: Locales384974
++Node: Expressions Summary386606
++Node: Patterns and Actions389177
++Node: Pattern Overview390297
++Node: Regexp Patterns391976
++Node: Expression Patterns392519
++Node: Ranges396299
++Node: BEGIN/END399406
++Node: Using BEGIN/END400167
++Ref: Using BEGIN/END-Footnote-1402903
++Node: I/O And BEGIN/END403009
++Node: Empty408221
++Node: Using Shell Variables408538
++Node: Action Overview410811
++Node: Statements413137
++Node: If Statement414985
++Node: While Statement416480
++Node: Do Statement418508
++Node: For Statement419656
++Node: Switch Statement422814
++Node: Break Statement425196
++Node: Continue Statement427289
++Node: Next Statement429116
++Node: Nextfile Statement431497
++Node: Exit Statement434125
++Node: Built-in Variables436536
++Node: User-modified437669
++Ref: User-modified-Footnote-1445303
++Node: Auto-set445365
++Ref: Auto-set-Footnote-1459598
++Ref: Auto-set-Footnote-2459803
++Node: ARGC and ARGV459859
++Node: Pattern Action Summary464077
++Node: Arrays466510
++Node: Array Basics467839
++Node: Array Intro468683
++Ref: figure-array-elements470620
++Ref: Array Intro-Footnote-1473243
++Node: Reference to Elements473371
++Node: Assigning Elements475833
++Node: Array Example476324
++Node: Scanning an Array478083
++Node: Controlling Scanning481106
++Ref: Controlling Scanning-Footnote-1486500
++Node: Numeric Array Subscripts486816
++Node: Uninitialized Subscripts489001
++Node: Delete490618
++Ref: Delete-Footnote-1493367
++Node: Multidimensional493424
++Node: Multiscanning496521
++Node: Arrays of Arrays498110
++Node: Arrays Summary502864
++Node: Functions504955
++Node: Built-in505994
++Node: Calling Built-in507072
++Node: Numeric Functions509067
++Ref: Numeric Functions-Footnote-1513885
++Ref: Numeric Functions-Footnote-2514242
++Ref: Numeric Functions-Footnote-3514290
++Node: String Functions514562
++Ref: String Functions-Footnote-1538063
++Ref: String Functions-Footnote-2538192
++Ref: String Functions-Footnote-3538440
++Node: Gory Details538527
++Ref: table-sub-escapes540308
++Ref: table-sub-proposed541823
++Ref: table-posix-sub543185
++Ref: table-gensub-escapes544722
++Ref: Gory Details-Footnote-1545555
++Node: I/O Functions545706
++Ref: I/O Functions-Footnote-1552942
++Node: Time Functions553089
++Ref: Time Functions-Footnote-1563598
++Ref: Time Functions-Footnote-2563666
++Ref: Time Functions-Footnote-3563824
++Ref: Time Functions-Footnote-4563935
++Ref: Time Functions-Footnote-5564047
++Ref: Time Functions-Footnote-6564274
++Node: Bitwise Functions564540
++Ref: table-bitwise-ops565102
++Ref: Bitwise Functions-Footnote-1569430
++Node: Type Functions569602
++Node: I18N Functions570754
++Node: User-defined572401
++Node: Definition Syntax573206
++Ref: Definition Syntax-Footnote-1578865
++Node: Function Example578936
++Ref: Function Example-Footnote-1581857
++Node: Function Caveats581879
++Node: Calling A Function582397
++Node: Variable Scope583355
++Node: Pass By Value/Reference586348
++Node: Return Statement589845
++Node: Dynamic Typing592824
++Node: Indirect Calls593753
++Ref: Indirect Calls-Footnote-1603618
++Node: Functions Summary603746
++Node: Library Functions606448
++Ref: Library Functions-Footnote-1610056
++Ref: Library Functions-Footnote-2610199
++Node: Library Names610370
++Ref: Library Names-Footnote-1613828
++Ref: Library Names-Footnote-2614051
++Node: General Functions614137
++Node: Strtonum Function615240
++Node: Assert Function618262
++Node: Round Function621586
++Node: Cliff Random Function623127
++Node: Ordinal Functions624143
++Ref: Ordinal Functions-Footnote-1627206
++Ref: Ordinal Functions-Footnote-2627458
++Node: Join Function627669
++Ref: Join Function-Footnote-1629439
++Node: Getlocaltime Function629639
++Node: Readfile Function633383
++Node: Shell Quoting635355
++Node: Data File Management636756
++Node: Filetrans Function637388
++Node: Rewind Function641484
++Node: File Checking642870
++Ref: File Checking-Footnote-1644203
++Node: Empty Files644404
++Node: Ignoring Assigns646383
++Node: Getopt Function647933
++Ref: Getopt Function-Footnote-1659397
++Node: Passwd Functions659597
++Ref: Passwd Functions-Footnote-1668437
++Node: Group Functions668525
++Ref: Group Functions-Footnote-1676422
++Node: Walking Arrays676627
++Node: Library Functions Summary679633
++Node: Library Exercises681035
++Node: Sample Programs682315
++Node: Running Examples683085
++Node: Clones683813
++Node: Cut Program685037
++Node: Egrep Program694757
++Ref: Egrep Program-Footnote-1702260
++Node: Id Program702370
++Node: Split Program706046
++Ref: Split Program-Footnote-1709500
++Node: Tee Program709628
++Node: Uniq Program712417
++Node: Wc Program719836
++Ref: Wc Program-Footnote-1724086
++Node: Miscellaneous Programs724180
++Node: Dupword Program725393
++Node: Alarm Program727424
++Node: Translate Program732229
++Ref: Translate Program-Footnote-1736792
++Node: Labels Program737062
++Ref: Labels Program-Footnote-1740413
++Node: Word Sorting740497
++Node: History Sorting744567
++Node: Extract Program746402
++Node: Simple Sed753926
++Node: Igawk Program756996
++Ref: Igawk Program-Footnote-1771322
++Ref: Igawk Program-Footnote-2771523
++Ref: Igawk Program-Footnote-3771645
++Node: Anagram Program771760
++Node: Signature Program774821
++Node: Programs Summary776068
++Node: Programs Exercises777289
++Ref: Programs Exercises-Footnote-1781420
++Node: Advanced Features781511
++Node: Nondecimal Data783493
++Node: Array Sorting785083
++Node: Controlling Array Traversal785783
++Ref: Controlling Array Traversal-Footnote-1794149
++Node: Array Sorting Functions794267
++Ref: Array Sorting Functions-Footnote-1798153
++Node: Two-way I/O798349
++Ref: Two-way I/O-Footnote-1803294
++Ref: Two-way I/O-Footnote-2803480
++Node: TCP/IP Networking803562
++Node: Profiling806434
++Node: Advanced Features Summary814705
++Node: Internationalization816638
++Node: I18N and L10N818118
++Node: Explaining gettext818804
++Ref: Explaining gettext-Footnote-1823829
++Ref: Explaining gettext-Footnote-2824013
++Node: Programmer i18n824178
++Ref: Programmer i18n-Footnote-1829054
++Node: Translator i18n829103
++Node: String Extraction829897
++Ref: String Extraction-Footnote-1831028
++Node: Printf Ordering831114
++Ref: Printf Ordering-Footnote-1833900
++Node: I18N Portability833964
++Ref: I18N Portability-Footnote-1836420
++Node: I18N Example836483
++Ref: I18N Example-Footnote-1839286
++Node: Gawk I18N839358
++Node: I18N Summary840002
++Node: Debugger841342
++Node: Debugging842364
++Node: Debugging Concepts842805
++Node: Debugging Terms844615
++Node: Awk Debugging847187
++Node: Sample Debugging Session848093
++Node: Debugger Invocation848627
++Node: Finding The Bug850012
++Node: List of Debugger Commands856491
++Node: Breakpoint Control857823
++Node: Debugger Execution Control861500
++Node: Viewing And Changing Data864859
++Node: Execution Stack868235
++Node: Debugger Info869870
++Node: Miscellaneous Debugger Commands873915
++Node: Readline Support878916
++Node: Limitations879810
++Node: Debugging Summary881925
++Node: Arbitrary Precision Arithmetic883099
++Node: Computer Arithmetic884515
++Ref: table-numeric-ranges888092
++Ref: Computer Arithmetic-Footnote-1888616
++Node: Math Definitions888673
++Ref: table-ieee-formats891968
++Ref: Math Definitions-Footnote-1892572
++Node: MPFR features892677
++Node: FP Math Caution894348
++Ref: FP Math Caution-Footnote-1895398
++Node: Inexactness of computations895767
++Node: Inexact representation896726
++Node: Comparing FP Values898084
++Node: Errors accumulate899166
++Node: Getting Accuracy900598
++Node: Try To Round903302
++Node: Setting precision904201
++Ref: table-predefined-precision-strings904885
++Node: Setting the rounding mode906714
++Ref: table-gawk-rounding-modes907078
++Ref: Setting the rounding mode-Footnote-1910530
++Node: Arbitrary Precision Integers910709
++Ref: Arbitrary Precision Integers-Footnote-1915607
++Node: POSIX Floating Point Problems915756
++Ref: POSIX Floating Point Problems-Footnote-1919635
++Node: Floating point summary919673
++Node: Dynamic Extensions921860
++Node: Extension Intro923412
++Node: Plugin License924677
++Node: Extension Mechanism Outline925474
++Ref: figure-load-extension925902
++Ref: figure-register-new-function927382
++Ref: figure-call-new-function928386
++Node: Extension API Description930373
++Node: Extension API Functions Introduction931907
++Node: General Data Types936776
++Ref: General Data Types-Footnote-1942676
++Node: Memory Allocation Functions942975
++Ref: Memory Allocation Functions-Footnote-1945814
++Node: Constructor Functions945913
++Node: Registration Functions947652
++Node: Extension Functions948337
++Node: Exit Callback Functions950634
++Node: Extension Version String951882
++Node: Input Parsers952545
++Node: Output Wrappers962420
++Node: Two-way processors966933
++Node: Printing Messages969196
++Ref: Printing Messages-Footnote-1970272
++Node: Updating `ERRNO'970424
++Node: Requesting Values971164
++Ref: table-value-types-returned971891
++Node: Accessing Parameters972848
++Node: Symbol Table Access974082
++Node: Symbol table by name974596
++Node: Symbol table by cookie976616
++Ref: Symbol table by cookie-Footnote-1980761
++Node: Cached values980824
++Ref: Cached values-Footnote-1984320
++Node: Array Manipulation984411
++Ref: Array Manipulation-Footnote-1985501
++Node: Array Data Types985538
++Ref: Array Data Types-Footnote-1988193
++Node: Array Functions988285
++Node: Flattening Arrays992144
++Node: Creating Arrays999046
++Node: Redirection API1003817
++Node: Extension API Variables1006588
++Node: Extension Versioning1007221
++Node: Extension API Informational Variables1009112
++Node: Extension API Boilerplate1010177
++Node: Finding Extensions1013986
++Node: Extension Example1014546
++Node: Internal File Description1015318
++Node: Internal File Ops1019385
++Ref: Internal File Ops-Footnote-11031136
++Node: Using Internal File Ops1031276
++Ref: Using Internal File Ops-Footnote-11033659
++Node: Extension Samples1033932
++Node: Extension Sample File Functions1035460
++Node: Extension Sample Fnmatch1043141
++Node: Extension Sample Fork1044629
++Node: Extension Sample Inplace1045844
++Node: Extension Sample Ord1047930
++Node: Extension Sample Readdir1048766
++Ref: table-readdir-file-types1049643
++Node: Extension Sample Revout1050454
++Node: Extension Sample Rev2way1051043
++Node: Extension Sample Read write array1051783
++Node: Extension Sample Readfile1053723
++Node: Extension Sample Time1054818
++Node: Extension Sample API Tests1056166
++Node: gawkextlib1056657
++Node: Extension summary1059335
++Node: Extension Exercises1063024
++Node: Language History1063746
++Node: V7/SVR3.11065402
++Node: SVR41067555
++Node: POSIX1068989
++Node: BTL1070370
++Node: POSIX/GNU1071101
++Node: Feature History1076937
++Node: Common Extensions1090731
++Node: Ranges and Locales1092103
++Ref: Ranges and Locales-Footnote-11096722
++Ref: Ranges and Locales-Footnote-21096749
++Ref: Ranges and Locales-Footnote-31096984
++Node: Contributors1097205
++Node: History summary1102745
++Node: Installation1104124
++Node: Gawk Distribution1105070
++Node: Getting1105554
++Node: Extracting1106377
++Node: Distribution contents1108014
++Node: Unix Installation1114116
++Node: Quick Installation1114799
++Node: Shell Startup Files1117210
++Node: Additional Configuration Options1118289
++Node: Configuration Philosophy1120093
++Node: Non-Unix Installation1122462
++Node: PC Installation1122920
++Node: PC Binary Installation1124240
++Node: PC Compiling1126088
++Ref: PC Compiling-Footnote-11129109
++Node: PC Testing1129218
++Node: PC Using1130394
++Node: Cygwin1134509
++Node: MSYS1135279
++Node: VMS Installation1135780
++Node: VMS Compilation1136572
++Ref: VMS Compilation-Footnote-11137801
++Node: VMS Dynamic Extensions1137859
++Node: VMS Installation Details1139543
++Node: VMS Running1141794
++Node: VMS GNV1144634
++Node: VMS Old Gawk1145369
++Node: Bugs1145839
++Node: Other Versions1149728
++Node: Installation summary1156162
++Node: Notes1157221
++Node: Compatibility Mode1158086
++Node: Additions1158868
++Node: Accessing The Source1159793
++Node: Adding Code1161228
++Node: New Ports1167385
++Node: Derived Files1171867
++Ref: Derived Files-Footnote-11177342
++Ref: Derived Files-Footnote-21177376
++Ref: Derived Files-Footnote-31177972
++Node: Future Extensions1178086
++Node: Implementation Limitations1178692
++Node: Extension Design1179940
++Node: Old Extension Problems1181094
++Ref: Old Extension Problems-Footnote-11182611
++Node: Extension New Mechanism Goals1182668
++Ref: Extension New Mechanism Goals-Footnote-11186028
++Node: Extension Other Design Decisions1186217
++Node: Extension Future Growth1188325
++Node: Old Extension Mechanism1189161
++Node: Notes summary1190923
++Node: Basic Concepts1192109
++Node: Basic High Level1192790
++Ref: figure-general-flow1193062
++Ref: figure-process-flow1193661
++Ref: Basic High Level-Footnote-11196890
++Node: Basic Data Typing1197075
++Node: Glossary1200403
++Node: Copying1232332
++Node: GNU Free Documentation License1269888
++Node: Index1295024
  End Tag Table
diff --cc doc/gawk.texi
index cc215c6,8005fe3..68d3587
--- a/doc/gawk.texi
+++ b/doc/gawk.texi
@@@ -31591,12 -31644,8 +31697,12 @@@ Creating a new arra
  Clearing an array
- Flattening an array for easy C style looping over all its indices and elements
+ Flattening an array for easy C-style looping over all its indices and elements
  @end itemize
 +Accessing and manipulating redirections.
  @end itemize
  Some points about using the API:
diff --cc doc/
index b713471,88e854a..6991f8a
--- a/doc/
+++ b/doc/
@@@ -30683,12 -30735,8 +30788,12 @@@ Creating a new arra
  Clearing an array
- Flattening an array for easy C style looping over all its indices and elements
+ Flattening an array for easy C-style looping over all its indices and elements
  @end itemize
 +Accessing and manipulating redirections.
  @end itemize
  Some points about using the API:
diff --cc gawkapi.c
index f8d0498,3b49545..01bfa76
--- a/gawkapi.c
+++ b/gawkapi.c
@@@ -1041,90 -1034,6 +1041,90 @@@ api_release_value(awk_ext_id_t id, awk_
        return awk_true;
 +/* api_get_file --- return a handle to an existing or newly opened file */
 +static awk_bool_t
 +api_get_file(awk_ext_id_t id, const char *name, size_t namelen, const char 
*filetype, int fd, const awk_input_buf_t **ibufp, const awk_output_buf_t 
 +      const struct redirect *f;
 +      int flag;       /* not used, sigh */
 +      enum redirval redirtype;
 +      if ((name == NULL) || (namelen == 0)) {
 +              if (curfile == NULL) {
 +                      if (nextfile(& curfile, false) <= 0)
 +                              return awk_false;
 +                      {
 +                              INSTRUCTION *pc = main_beginfile;
 +                              /* save execution state */
 +                              int save_rule = currule;
 +                              char *save_source = source;
 +                              while (1) {
 +                                      if (!pc)
 +                                              fatal(_("cannot find end of 
BEGINFILE rule"));
 +                                      if (pc->opcode == Op_after_beginfile)
 +                                              break;
 +                                      pc = pc->nexti;
 +                              }
 +                              pc->opcode = Op_stop;
 +                              (void) (*interpret)(main_beginfile);
 +                              pc->opcode = Op_after_beginfile;
 +                              after_beginfile(& curfile);
 +                              /* restore execution state */
 +                              currule = save_rule;
 +                              source = save_source;
 +                      }
 +              }
 +              *ibufp = &curfile->public;
 +              *obufp = NULL;
 +              return awk_true;
 +      }
 +      redirtype = redirect_none;
 +      switch (filetype[0]) {
 +      case '<':
 +              if (filetype[1] == '\0')
 +                      redirtype = redirect_input;
 +              break;
 +      case '>':
 +              switch (filetype[1]) {
 +              case '\0':
 +                      redirtype = redirect_output;
 +                      break;
 +              case '>':
 +                      if (filetype[2] == '\0')
 +                              redirtype = redirect_append;
 +                      break;
 +              }
 +              break;
 +      case '|':
 +              if (filetype[2] == '\0') {
 +                      switch (filetype[1]) {
 +                      case '>':
 +                              redirtype = redirect_pipe;
 +                              break;
 +                      case '<':
 +                              redirtype = redirect_pipein;
 +                              break;
 +                      case '&':
 +                              redirtype = redirect_twoway;
 +                              break;
 +                      }
 +              }
 +              break;
 +      }
 +      if (redirtype == redirect_none) {
 +              warning(_("cannot open unrecognized file type `%s' for `%s'"),
 +                      filetype, name);
 +              return awk_false;
 +      }
-       if ((f = redirect_string(name, namelen, 0, redirtype, &flag, fd)) == 
++      if ((f = redirect_string(name, namelen, 0, redirtype, &flag, fd, 
false)) == NULL)
 +              return awk_false;
 +      *ibufp = f->iop ? & f->iop->public : NULL;
 +      *obufp = f->output.fp ? & f->output : NULL;
 +      return awk_true;
   * Register a version string for this extension with gawk.
diff --cc io.c
index f849f83,55c5d3a..5f97735
--- a/io.c
+++ b/io.c
@@@ -728,9 -726,10 +727,10 @@@ redflags2str(int flags
  /* redirect --- Redirection for printf and print commands */
  struct redirect *
- redirect_string(const char *str, size_t explen, int not_string, int 
redirtype, int *errflg, int extfd)
 -redirect(NODE *redir_exp, int redirtype, int *errflg, bool failure_fatal)
++redirect_string(const char *str, size_t explen, bool not_string,
++              int redirtype, int *errflg, int extfd, bool failure_fatal)
        struct redirect *rp;
 -      char *str;
        int tflag = 0;
        int outflag = 0;
        const char *direction = "to";
@@@ -933,16 -930,9 +939,15 @@@
                case redirect_twoway:
 +#ifndef HAVE_SOCKETS
 +                      if (extfd >= 0) {
 +                              warning(_("get_file socket creation not 
supported on this platform for `%s' with fd %d"), str, extfd);
 +                              return NULL;
 +                      }
                        direction = "to/from";
 -                      if (! two_way_open(str, rp)) {
 +                      if (! two_way_open(str, rp, extfd)) {
-                               if (inetfile(str, NULL)) {
+                               if (! failure_fatal || 
is_non_fatal_redirect(str)) {
                                        *errflg = errno;
                                        /* do not free rp, saving it for reuse 
(save_rp = rp) */
                                        return NULL;
@@@ -1058,15 -1050,6 +1065,15 @@@
        return rp;
 +struct redirect *
- redirect(NODE *redir_exp, int redirtype, int *errflg)
++redirect(NODE *redir_exp, int redirtype, int *errflg, bool failure_fatal)
 +      int not_string = ((redir_exp->flags & STRCUR) == 0);
 +      redir_exp = force_string(redir_exp);
 +      return redirect_string(redir_exp->stptr, redir_exp->stlen, not_string,
-                               redirtype, errflg, -1);
++                              redirtype, errflg, -1, failure_fatal);
  /* getredirect --- find the struct redirect for this file or pipe */
  struct redirect *
diff --cc test/
index 873b0a7,d2cd0dd..2d3e353
--- a/test/
+++ b/test/
@@@ -1041,8 -1047,8 +1056,8 @@@ UNIX_TESTS = 
        aadelete1 aadelete2 aarray1 aasort aasorti argtest arraysort \
        backw badargs beginfile1 beginfile2 binmode1 charasbytes \
-       colonwarn clos1way dbugeval delsub devfd devfd1 devfd2 dumpvars errno 
exit \
-       fieldwdth fpat1 fpat2 fpat3  fpatnull fsfwfs funlen \
 -      colonwarn clos1way crlf dbugeval delsub devfd devfd1 devfd2 dumpvars 
exit \
++      colonwarn clos1way crlf dbugeval delsub devfd devfd1 devfd2 dumpvars 
errno exit \
+       fieldwdth fpat1 fpat2 fpat3 fpat4 fpatnull fsfwfs funlen \
        functab1 functab2 functab3 fwtest fwtest2 fwtest3 \
        genpot gensub gensub2 getlndir gnuops2 gnuops3 gnureops \
        icasefs icasers id igncdym igncfs ignrcas2 ignrcase \
diff --cc test/
index 09de671,cf8093b..5a3f5b0
--- a/test/
+++ b/test/
@@@ -1297,8 -1303,8 +1312,8 @@@ UNIX_TESTS = 
        aadelete1 aadelete2 aarray1 aasort aasorti argtest arraysort \
        backw badargs beginfile1 beginfile2 binmode1 charasbytes \
-       colonwarn clos1way dbugeval delsub devfd devfd1 devfd2 dumpvars errno 
exit \
-       fieldwdth fpat1 fpat2 fpat3  fpatnull fsfwfs funlen \
 -      colonwarn clos1way crlf dbugeval delsub devfd devfd1 devfd2 dumpvars 
exit \
++      colonwarn clos1way crlf dbugeval delsub devfd devfd1 devfd2 dumpvars 
errno exit \
+       fieldwdth fpat1 fpat2 fpat3 fpat4 fpatnull fsfwfs funlen \
        functab1 functab2 functab3 fwtest fwtest2 fwtest3 \
        genpot gensub gensub2 getlndir gnuops2 gnuops3 gnureops \
        icasefs icasers id igncdym igncfs ignrcas2 ignrcase \


Summary of changes:
 ChangeLog                           |  120 ++
 NEWS                                |   14 +-
 POSIX.STD                           |   17 +-
 TODO                                |    5 +-
 awk.h                               |    8 +-
 awkgram.c                           |   17 +-
 awkgram.y                           |   17 +-
 awklib/eg/lib/assert.awk            |    2 +-
 awklib/eg/lib/inplace.awk           |    9 +-
 awklib/eg/lib/quicksort.awk         |    5 +-
 awklib/eg/prog/anagram.awk          |    6 +-
 awklib/eg/prog/extract.awk          |    2 +-
 awklib/eg/prog/translate.awk        |    2 +-
 builtin.c                           |   37 +-
 config.guess                        |    6 +-
 config.sub                          |    8 +-                          |    3 -
 configure                           |  147 ++-                        |   12 +-
 doc/ChangeLog                       |  108 ++-
 doc/                       | 2956 ++++++++++++++++++-----------------
 doc/gawk.texi                       | 1641 +++++++++++---------
 doc/                     | 1638 +++++++++++---------
 doc/texinfo.tex                     |  150 ++-
 eval.c                              |    6 +-
 extension/ChangeLog                 |   24 +
 extension/               |    3 +-
 extension/               |    3 +-
 extension/build-aux/ChangeLog       |    4 +
 extension/build-aux/config.guess    |    6 +-
 extension/build-aux/config.sub      |    8 +-
 extension/build-aux/       |   23 +-
 extension/configure                 |   45 +-
 extension/filefuncs.c               |    2 +-
 extension/inplace.3am               |   18 +-
 extension/inplace.c                 |    4 +-
 extension/m4/ChangeLog              |    4 +
 extension/m4/libtool.m4             |   27 +-
 extension/m4/ltversion.m4           |   10 +-
 gawkapi.c                           |    4 +-
 gawkapi.h                           |    2 +-
 io.c                                |  147 ++-
 main.c                              |    4 +-
 missing_d/ChangeLog                 |    6 +
 missing_d/getaddrinfo.c             |   16 +-
 missing_d/getaddrinfo.h             |    2 +
 po/                           |  Bin 83005 -> 82049 bytes
 po/ca.po                            | 1077 +++++++------
 po/                           |  Bin 42160 -> 41373 bytes
 po/da.po                            | 1079 +++++++------
 po/                           |  Bin 45199 -> 83971 bytes
 po/de.po                            | 1561 +++++++++++--------
 po/                           |  Bin 44600 -> 43722 bytes
 po/es.po                            | 1084 +++++++------
 po/                           |  Bin 84555 -> 83703 bytes
 po/fi.po                            | 1082 +++++++------
 po/                           |  Bin 85628 -> 84606 bytes
 po/fr.po                            | 1077 +++++++------
 po/gawk.pot                         | 1040 +++++++------
 po/                           |  Bin 81018 -> 81863 bytes
 po/it.po                            |  707 +++++----
 po/                           |  Bin 52559 -> 51602 bytes
 po/ja.po                            | 1079 +++++++------
 po/                           |  Bin 1184 -> 1183 bytes
 po/ms.po                            | 1038 +++++++------
 po/                           |  Bin 80863 -> 80070 bytes
 po/nl.po                            | 1082 +++++++------
 po/                           |  Bin 71101 -> 70252 bytes
 po/pl.po                            | 1082 +++++++------
 po/                           |  Bin 80917 -> 79966 bytes
 po/sv.po                            | 1075 +++++++------
 po/                           |  Bin 93025 -> 91989 bytes
 po/vi.po                            | 1077 +++++++------
 profile.c                           |   27 +-
 re.c                                |   37 -
 regcomp.c                           |   18 +-
 regex.c                             |    2 +-
 regex.h                             |    2 +-
 regex_internal.c                    |    2 +-
 regex_internal.h                    |    5 +-
 regexec.c                           |   10 +-
 symbol.c                            |    4 +-
 test/ChangeLog                      |   71 +
 test/                    |   37 +-
 test/                    |   62 +-
 test/Maketests                      |   25 +
 test/crlf.awk                       |   11 +
 test/crlf.ok                        |    3 +
 test/fpat4.awk                      |  105 ++
 test/fpat4.ok                       |   65 +
 test/inplace1.ok                    |    2 +-
 test/inplace2.ok                    |    2 +-
 test/inplace3.ok                    |    4 +-
 test/mpfrmemok1.awk                 |    7 +
 test/mpfrmemok1.ok                  |    7 +
 test/nonfatal1.awk                  |    6 +
 test/nonfatal1.ok                   |    2 +
 test/nonfatal2.awk                  |    5 +
 test/nonfatal2.ok                   |    1 +
 test/nonfatal3.awk                  |    6 +
 test/{arrayprm3.ok => nonfatal3.ok} |    0
 test/profile0.awk                   |    1 +
 test/{ =>}   |    1 -
 test/profile0.ok                    |    6 +
 104 files changed, 12640 insertions(+), 10334 deletions(-)
 mode change 100755 => 100644 test/charasbytes.awk
 create mode 100644 test/crlf.awk
 create mode 100644 test/crlf.ok
 create mode 100644 test/fpat4.awk
 create mode 100644 test/fpat4.ok
 create mode 100644 test/mpfrmemok1.awk
 create mode 100644 test/mpfrmemok1.ok
 create mode 100644 test/nonfatal1.awk
 create mode 100644 test/nonfatal1.ok
 create mode 100644 test/nonfatal2.awk
 create mode 100644 test/nonfatal2.ok
 create mode 100644 test/nonfatal3.awk
 copy test/{arrayprm3.ok => nonfatal3.ok} (100%)
 mode change 100755 => 100644 test/ofs1.awk
 create mode 100644 test/profile0.awk
 copy test/{ =>} (66%)
 create mode 100644 test/profile0.ok
 mode change 100755 => 100644 test/range1.awk
 mode change 100755 => 100644 test/sortglos.awk
 mode change 100755 => 100644 test/


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