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Re: problem with emoji

From: Thomas Dickey
Subject: Re: problem with emoji
Date: Mon, 4 Feb 2019 21:11:32 -0500
User-agent: Mutt/1.5.23 (2014-03-12)

On Tue, Feb 05, 2019 at 08:40:53AM +1100, Timothy Allen wrote:
> On Mon, 2019-02-04 at 17:12 +0100, folkert wrote:
> > It looks like printing UTF-8 emoji mangles the terminal when printed
> > from an ncurses application.
> > Situation is either putty on windows or gnome-terminal on linux,
> > problem

hmm - I don't even see that :-)

For a quick check, I tried this with my Debian 8 and xterm, and found that
wcwidth and the fonts don't agree (not that unusual).

To check the comment above, I ran my Debian testing machine,
and cat'd the file in both pterm and gnome-terminal.
Both programs died (probably fontconfig...).

With a couple of tries, xterm ran (see attached).
The newer system got some agreement on wcwidth versus the fonts.
fontconfig still needs some work.

ncurses "knows" about double-width characters if wcwidth says they are.
Some emojis aren't encoded in wcwidth (and some fonts don't agree with

> > happens on both.
> Emoji are supposed to be rendered two character-cells wide. Looking at
> your screenshot, I notice that on the first line, two emojis have been
> replaced with single-cell boxes, and the alignment of that line is off
> by two. On the second line, one emoji has been replaced, and the
> alignment is off by one. The third line has four replacements and is
> off by four, etc.
> Given that ncurses knows nothing of fonts or replacement glyphs, it
> sounds like your terminals are predicting what the alignment *should*
> be, then asking the operating system to render the text and then
> blindly assuming the alignment was correct.

Actually the terminal's third in line for the decisions:
        a) the system tells the application how wide the characters are
        b) the application spaces/positions things
        c) the terminal does something (perhaps unexpected)

Thomas E. Dickey <address@hidden>

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